The most traumatic situation for a woman can be an unwanted pregnancy when she has a very young baby. Since menstruation is often delayed during breastfeeding, a woman may not even realize that she is pregnant again till the pregnancy is advanced and too late to abort. Recognizing the special needs of breastfeeding women and their concerns about contraceptive methods available, the WHO Selected Practice Recommendations for Contraceptive Use (WHO WHOSPR) released guidelines based on scientific evidence in 2004.

As women are beginning to stand tall, confident of their role in society and their own path, the need to make correct choices especially regarding fertility becomes important. When a couple decides not to have a baby, many contraceptive choices open up. Despite oral contraceptive pills (OCP) being a good option, their use is restricted by the fear of developing breast cancer. This issue is quite complex and often the topic of research and debate. Pooling the world research literature, many interesting facts come to light. Let’s look at this by analyzing different categories of women to make this complex issue simpler.